Deconstruction: A philosophical movement and theory of literary criticism that questions traditional assumptions about certainty, identity, and truth; asserts that words can only refer to other words; and attempts to demonstrate how statements about any text subvert their own meanings. (thefreedictionary.com)
There’s many meanings that can be found on the theory of Deconstruction exposed by the famous philosopher and modern intellectual Jacques Derrida but the one I like to consider the most is the one that states that deconstruction is the process in which an idea that generally has the highest rank in our hierarchy of reason is “ignored” in order to consider the possibilities of the lesser options. What this means is that most times we set our minds on a specific idea that we consider to be the best among the others but we end up favoring it into the point where we stop viewing the bigger picture and stop considering other possible outcomes to our situation offered by the options we consider less optimal. To apply deconstruction means to take a step back and ignore that idea that is set into our minds as the only good outcome and exploring the reason behind other options that could eventually make us reach a realization that would have otherwise been impossible to reach if we were still blinded by our preferred idea.
In order to obtain the best possible outcomes of our actions we have to give up our pride and stubbornness because these most of the time limit our sight and to think without the fear of challenging what makes us comfortable means reaching conclusions that we wouldn’t have ever thought of being capable of.